The cost of gluten-free foods – a barrier to compliance?

By Charlotte Foster BSc Hons, MSc, RD.


One common culinary conundrum surrounding the gluten-free diet is cost! At present, most gluten-free products tend to be more expensive than gluten containing equivalents (1&2).


Studies have been conducted to examine the barrier of cost and whether it influences compliance to the gluten-free diet, highlighting mixed results. One study reported that 51.3% of participants felt that the cost of gluten-free products was an important issue but 75.3% felt this did not make the gluten-free diet difficult to adhere to (3). However, another study demonstrated the opposite- that cost is an important factor affecting compliance to the diet (4).



So why are processed gluten-free foods usually more expensive?


There are several reasons for why gluten-free foods tend to be more expensive including:


  • Growing consumer demands in what used to be a specialist “niche” market – the demand for an extensive product range has only been developed in recent years (5).


  • Complex processing steps involved to ensure a satisfactory gluten-free equivalent food (5).


  • Additional safety and quality checks to ensure that foods are meeting the standards for those with coeliac disease (5).


  • Increased cost of ingredients and equipment to ensure no cross contamination (5).



Gluten-free on prescription


Those who have been formally diagnosed with coeliac disease may be eligible to receive certain gluten-free products on prescription which can be financially beneficial. However, due to budget cuts in the NHS certain areas may be exempt – speak to a GP or dietitian for further information.


Certain gluten-free foods that may be prescribed include:


  • Cereals


  • Crackers/Crisp breads


  • Bread


  • Pizza bases


  • Flour


  • Pasta


  • Oats



Coeliac UK are currently campaigning to see the protection of prescriptions. Click here to find out more information. 



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Other tips for keeping the cost down:


If getting gluten-free foods on prescription is not an option there are still some simple tips you can try to help close the financial gap!


  • Keep gluten-free breads in the freezer and take slices out to use on an “as needs” basis.


  • Base dishes around naturally gluten-free foods vs processed gluten-free alternatives.


  • Batch cook and bulk out! Use beans, pulses, fruits and vegetables to make dishes nutritious and delicious, bulking them out last longer.


  • Plan ahead and stick to your shopping list!


  • Take advantage of offers and supermarket deals.


Coeliac UK have compiled a free and helpful fact sheet for following a gluten-free diet when on a budget. Click here to read more.



Further information:







(1):Stevens, L. and M. Rashid (2008) Gluten-free and regular foods: a cost comparison. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research 69(3); 147-150.



(2):Lee, A.R., et al.,(2007) Economic burden of a gluten-free diet. Journal of Human Nutrition & Dietetics 20(5); 423-430.



(3):Leffler, D.A., et al., (2008) Factors that influence adherence to a gluten-free diet in adults with celiac disease. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 53(6); 1573-1581.



(4):Hall, N.J., G. Rubin, and A. Charnock (2009) Systematic review: adherence to a gluten-free diet in adult patients with coeliac disease. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 30(4); 315-30.



(5):Coeliac UK (2016) Campaigning on the cost of gluten-free. Available at
 [last accessed 25/4/16].



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